When it comes to pest management, there are numerous strategies available today including integrated pest management. However, not many people are aware that it encompasses various approaches to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to humans and the environment.
In this article, we explore the little known facts about integrated pest management (IPM) in Malaysia, the benefits of using IPM, and how it works. We will also introduce a HACCP certified pest control company at the end of this article.
What is Integrated Pest Management Malaysia?
Integrated pest management (IPM) Malaysia is an ecologically-based pest control strategy that focuses on long-term pest prevention through a combination of techniques like biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and the use of resistant varieties.
Pesticides are used only when systematic monitoring of pest populations and natural control factors indicate a need, and treatments are carried out to remove only the targeted pest. Also, pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, non-target organisms, and the environment.
Why do you need IPM?
There are several reasons to incorporate integrated pest management Malaysia into your pest control strategy. Among them are:
- Providing early detection of potential pest problem to reduce the risk of pest infestation.
- Monitoring pest trend to help determine the right dispersion of pesticides.
- Obtaining accurate identification and monitoring of pest for proper deployment of maintenance plans.
- Minimising disruption to your daily operations.
- Avoiding new pest from being introduced to the premises.
What are the approaches used in IPM?
To effectively manage pests, an IPM programme uses a combination of methods that work to complement each method for better efficacy. These approaches are grouped in the following categories:
- Biological control involves the use of natural factors like the weather and natural enemies (predators, parasites, pathogens, and competitors) to control pests and their damage.
- Cultural control involves practices that reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal, and survival. One example of this is changing irrigation practices to reduce pest problems.
- Mechanical and physical controls involve eliminating pests directly, blocking their entryway, or making their environment unsuitable for habitation. For instance, traps for rodents are examples of mechanical control while physical controls include barriers like screens to keep pest birds out.
- Chemical control involves the use of pesticides. This is only used when needed and in combination with other approaches for a more effective, long-term control. The pesticides are selected and applied in a manner that minimises harm to humans, non-target organisms, and the environment.
How does Integrated Pest Management Malaysia work?
IPM isn’t a single pest control method but rather a series of pest management evaluations, decisions, and controls. In practising IPM, pest control experts who are aware of the potential for pest infestation typically follow a four-tiered approach as listed below:
Set action thresholds
Before taking any pest control action, IPM sets an action threshold whereby pest population or environmental condition indicate a need for pest control action. Equipped with this information, you can create conditions that are not suitable for the pest.
For example, you grow a healthy crop that can withstand pest attacks, use disease-resistant plants, or even seal the cracks to keep pests like termites and rodents from entering your premises.
Monitor and identify pests
IPM programmes work to monitoring your premises and help you to identify which pests are present, the size of the infestation, or what damage they have caused. This is key to knowing whether a pest is likely to become a problem so that suitable control methods can be employed.
Additionally, this monitoring and identification removes the possibility of using pesticides when they’re not needed or that the wrong pesticide will be used.
As the first line of pest control, IPM programmes work to prevent pests from becoming a threat to your premises. In food establishments, this may mean using mechanical and physical controls to block pests from entering your premises.
Meanwhile, in agricultural fields, the use of cultural control like rotating between different crops, planting pest-resistant varieties, etc., can reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal, and survival.
Once the three approaches above indicate that pest control is needed and preventive methods prove to be less effective, integrated pest management (IPM) Malaysia programmes will then evaluate the proper pest control method. If all else fails, chemical control will be added to the strategy to manage pests effectively.
At AntiPest (a HACCP certified pest control company) , we advocate the use of IPM to help prevent pest infestations before they start. You can rest assured that our Pest Alert System Approach meets HACCP standards because we are one of the professional pest control companies in Malaysia.
As an ISO 9001:2015 and HACCP certified pest control company, you can rest assured that our products and services meet international standards. For your pest control needs, visit https://www.antipest.com.my/ or contact us at 03-80231888.