Diseases Caused by Rodents & How They Spread

Rodents of different species carry different kinds of virus that can infect humans either in a fatal or non-fatal manner. It is essential to know what species transmit what kinds of disease and the ways they can infect human beings.

(i) Salmonellosis – This disease is carried by common rats and mice. It is transmitted via drinking water and eating food contaminated with rat excrement.

(ii) Tularemia – Wild rodents such as squirrels, beavers and muskrats carry with them such bacteria. Humans can contact such disease via breathing in the bacteria, ingesting contaminated food or water, improper handling of infected animal carcasses, and getting bitten by an infected deerfly, tick or other kind of insect.

(iii) Plague – Rodents involved include chipmunks, wood rats, fox squirrels, rock squirrels, and ground squirrels. A human can get infected with such disease via bite by an infected flea or direct contact with an infected animal.

(iv) Rat-bite Fever – Rats and possibly mice can transmit such disease. Water and food contaminated with rat droppings can pass the virus to human beings. In addition, a human can get this disease if he/she gets bitten or scratched by an infected rodent. Physical contact with a dead rodent is also another means of transmission.

(v) Leptospirosis – Rodents and other kinds of animal are the carriers. Humans can get infected via skin contact with soil or water contaminated with rodents’ urine. Moreover, ingestion of food and water contaminated with the urine of rodents can pass this on to human beings.

(vi) Lymphocytic Chorio-meningitis (LCM) – House mice carry such virus. It is transmitted through direct contact with a mouse, its feces and urine, bites from a mouse, and inhalation of dust contaminated with its urine and feces (i.e. it’s airborne).

Having rat problem? Contact AntiPest today at 03-8023 1888 for our professional rat control advice and solution.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthypets/pets/small-mammals/petrodents.html (Image source only)
https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/04/25/525363273/what-s-it-like-to-be-squirrel (Image source only)
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How to Know if Your House/Office has Termite Infestation?

To find out whether your house, factory or office is infested with termites, there are some telltale signs of termite activity in your premises.

If you see a swarm of flying ant-like insects in or around your premises, check to identify whether they are termites. Winged termites bear the same size of wings on both sides of their body and they possess straight, beaded antennae. It will be useful to check the spider webs around your property to see if there’s a termite or two ensnared in a web. Termites live in humid environment, you can search for their presence in moist areas in or around your premises.

Scan for damaged wood in your premises by tapping on the walls and other wooden structures. If they sound hollow on the inside, this signifies that termites have eaten into the insides of the wood or walls; in this case, remove the infected wood to witness and verify the damages they have done.

When termites aren’t moving under the soil or inside a piece of wood and they are in the open, they use mud and cellulose to build tubelike tunnels in order to ensure their safe passage and hide themselves from view. Look for these termite tubes in places such as the walls or water pipes. To determine whether a tube is still active and not from past infestation and elimination, break a section of the tube, wait for a few days to find out whether the termites are coming back to repair the breach.

Look for clefts in your premises to see whether the crevices are filled up with dried dirt, because such fillings are the work of the termites. They cemented the cracks with the purpose of containing the moisture from within the walls and other wooden structures to reduce the airflow.

Once you have determined or if you suspect that your house, office or factory is infested with termites, wait no further, contact a professional pest controller immediately to help you get rid of the pest problem before they cause any further and advanced damage to your property.

Call AntiPest today at 03-8023 1888 for your termite control solution.

https://www.news-journal.com/silent-destroyers-tips-to-spot-termites-and-prevent-infestation/article_ca067d68-3381-11e8-83df-4fa2adea7afd.html (Image source)
https://gilstrapexterminating.com/signs-of-termite-damage/ (Image source) 
http://termiteguide.com/termite-tubes/ (Image source)
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Cat Flea Treatments

Cat flea, a tiny little pest that measures at 1 to 2 mm in length, is usually brown to black in color. Its extremely flat body makes it incredibly hard to spot in a cat’s fur coat. Such flea is host to domestic cats and kittens. The female of the species will lay her eggs on the host, and these eggs will then be transferred from the host to the surrounding environment. The flea has three pairs of legs that are designed for jumping from one cat to another or even to a human being. Cat Flea is renowned for its jumping ability; therefore, the first sign of a bad infestation indoors will always manifest as a bite on a person’s leg within the region of the ankle.   

 4 Steps to Solve Your Flea Issues, and 2 Steps for the Professionals

  • First, all cats and kittens in your home should be treated for fleas by a qualified veterinary surgeon.  
  • Warmly wash all beddings, fabric fittings, cushion covers and curtains thoroughly. Vacuum the mattresses, sofa sets, cushions and all fabric furnitures, particularly under the cushions and the crevices where the eggs might be.
  • Vacuum all carpets on a daily basis, and remember to dispose of used vacuum bags. 
  • Steam-clean carpeting and fabric fittings.  This will eliminate any remaining eggs laid by the fleas.
  • It is necessary to put all your fabric furnitures, such as sofas, armchairs and footstools, in direct sunlight for at least 2 to 3 hours in that the extreme heat from the rays can kill them.   
  • Hire a professional pest controller to treat the indoor areas. At any rate, please note that this step should be accompanied with all the other steps stated above. The flea treatment should be done after the other steps have been carried out.
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How to Solve Your Gnat Problem

Gnats, or typically called fungus gnats, are tiny little pesky winged insects that look black in color and have long legs. They like to hang around in humid areas such as potted plants, moist soil, trash cans, food spillage, and the like. They are attracted to fruity scents as well as body heat. Here are some methods you can use to get rid of these vexatious dipteran flies.

(i) Bug Zapper – You can buy a bug zapper machine for use in your home. It operates quietly and is able to catch a large number of gnats.

(ii) Apple Cider Vinegar – Take a bowl, pour in half a cup of warm water mixed with 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar, 6 drops of liquid dish soap and a tablespoon of sugar. Place the bowl of mixture in the area where there is a lot of gnat traffic. The sugary content will lure the gnats into the mixture and, once they dig in, the sticky dish soap will ensnare them and subsequently drown them.

(iii) Fly Paper – You can use the adhesive fly paper to catch gnats. Once these bugs come into contact with the paper, they will get stuck or glued onto it and will be unable to break free. Hang some of these fly papers at places where the gnats frequent. You can also use a window fly paper where the entire window is covered with a sticky sheet.

(iv) Wine trap – Instead of using apple cider vinegar, you can use stale or expired wine. Pour some of the wine into a vessel and mix with some drops of dish soap, place the solution in gnat-infested area and wait for the result. You can make as many as these traps as possible.

(v) Candle trap – Well, this solution is considered an urban legend. Place a candlestick in a small pan, fill the pan with water, light the candle, and switch off the lights. The gnats will be drawn to the flame and they will either get themselves burned alive or fall into the pan’s water and drown. Beware of fire hazard for using this method.

(vi) Chemical spray – Use a bug killer insecticide and spray at gnat-infested areas.

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/plant-problems/pests/insects/fungus-gnats.htm (Image source only)
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Tips on Getting Rid of Bedbugs

Bedbugs are one of the most difficult pests to control not only because of their tiny size and hugely populated numbers but also their insanely swift reproduction cycle, not to mention the fact that they are everywhere! Ergo, to completely get rid of them is an almost impossible task. The worst news is that they are immune to numerous kinds of treatment when they are in larval form. To effectively control them will require a number of endeavors and it can take weeks and even months to see the result, depending on the extent of the infestation; in a nutshell, a one-time treatment job will not do them justice.

Image result for bedbug pictures

First and foremost, the infestation area of bedbugs must be identified and inspected to ensure better control of them. Necessary treatment will be carried out upon detection of the infested area (What sort of treatment are we talking about here? We’ll come to that later below). Items that are infested with bedbugs but cannot be treated must be isolated and placed in a sealed plastic bag until the bedbugs in it are dead (well, the period of time it takes for such isolation and the demise of the bugs vary and can possibly take up to a year!). An alternative way is to discard the infested things (if they are not so valuable to you), seal them up and place them in the trash can.

There are few methods to treat bedbugs:

(i) Non-chemical treatment – “Expose” the bedbugs to high degree of heat or extreme cold temperature at 0o F.  Seal the items infested with bedbugs in a black plastic bag and place the bag under direct sunlight or place it in a fridge for 4 days; if the temperature of your refrigerator is not set to 0o F, it will have no effect in killing the bedbugs. Such methods won’t be able to help you to totally eliminate the bedbugs but their numbers can be greatly reduced.

(ii) Chemical treatment – Engage a pest control professional who will use different kinds of chemical to properly control the bedbug infestation. However, treating bedbugs is a long-term monitoring process which will require cooperation between both parties, i.e. the customer and the pest controller, and each party must do his or her part in properly controlling the infestation of bedbugs.

(iii) Gadget – Place bedbug interceptors under the legs of furniture for catching bedbugs and preventing them from climbing up to the furniture as well.

https://www.healthline.com/health/bed-bug-bites (Image source) 
https://www.sciencenews.org/blog/science-ticker/bedbugs-feces-histamine-infestation (Image source)

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How to Choose Your Ideal Termite Control Specialist

In order to protect your valuable property such as your home and office premises, it is important to engage a professional pest control company.  This is to safeguard and maintain the value of your investment by preventing and eliminating your pest problems.

Here are some useful tips to help you to carefully select a good pest control company.

Tip 1
It is best to ensure that your selected pest control company is professionally certified.

Tip 2
Even if you do not have a known pest problem, which can be extremely difficult to discover on your own, for example, in the case of termite infestation, it is advisable to contact a professional to visit and inspect your premises, for this will protect your home and workplace and thus give you peace of mind.

Tip 3
The termite expert will be able to recognize the obvious and even the not so obvious signs of infestation.  He should have complete termite knowledge and be able to discuss it with you expertly.  He should be up to date on all forms of advanced termite treatment and prevention, and the equipment used should also be up to date with the latest technologies of termite treatment and prevention.

Tip 4
When the termite professional arrives, the first task he should perform is a complete examination of your premises.  He should try to identify the source of the infestation and look for things that are drawing the termites to your home.  He should also check to see if there is an infestation anywhere else on your property, in a stump or tree, for example.  Termites thrive in humid, moist, environment.  The termite expert should report these and other related discoveries he has made to you.

Tip 5
If you are unfortunate enough to have an infestation, the termite specialist should then be able to speak knowledgeably about the best solution for your particular termite problem. They should have a plethora of solutions and suggestions for you to allow them to implement to get rid of the termites.

If you haven’t found a suitable pest control company to service you, AntiPest would like to offer its professional services to you. Please call 03-8023 1888 to make an appointment today or visit www.antipest.com.my for more information.

About Us

Established since 1986, AntiPest Management Services is a leading ISO-certified (ISO 9001 : 2015) pest control company specializing in integrated Pest Management, from general household pests to the most stringent commercial and industrial standards of ISO, Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Points (HACCP), as well as Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).  As a Charter member of the Pest Control Association of Malaysia (PCAM), we are also fully committed to upholding the professional Codes of Ethics of the PCAM.

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Methods to Get Rid of Skeeters

Mosquito away

There are a number of conventional and unconventional DIY methods to render those vexatious and disease-ridden mosquitoes back away from you and your family.  Check them out below.

(i) Avoid wearing dark-colored clothes because mosquitoes are attracted to them.

(ii) Stay away from beer in that mosquitoes crave for beer drinkers, in particular.  To be utterly safe, stay sober at all times and avoid any alcoholic beverages.  At any rate, treat this as an urban legend.

(iii) Mosquitoes love to come out from dusk to dawn.  So it’s best to stay indoors protectively when night falls.


(iv) Mosquitoes are attracted to floral scent emitted by the nectars of plants.  Hence, it is best to stay away from places grown with fragrant flowers.

(v) Rub orange and lemon peels all over the exposed areas of your body to keep the mosquitoes away.

(vi) Grow some specific mosquito-repelling plants in your yard.  Plants that mosquitoes hate are Citronella, Lemon Balm, Catnip, Marigold, Basil, Lavender, Peppermint, Garlic, Pennyroyal, Rosemary, and Geranium.

Having mosquito problem?  Call AntiPest (03-8023 1888) today for your practical and professional mosquito solution.

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Natural Ways to Get Rid of Fleas (Part 2 – from Your Home)

To reduce or eliminate the flea problem in your house, the following methods are suggested.

(i) Wash your linens on a regular basis. Bedclothes, couch cushions and other garments must be washed regularly. Linen items that are infested with fleas are recommended to be washed in hot water in order to kill off the fleas as well as their eggs.

(ii) Vacuum your house. Use a vacuum cleaner regularly for it can suck up the fleas and their eggs. Vacuum your upholstery, carpet and the entire floor thoroughly; for hard-to-reach areas such as cracks on the baseboards, use the hose attachment on the vacuum cleaner. After vacuuming, be sure to empty the vacuum bag outside the house.

(iii) Diatomite. Scatter some diatomaceous earth over the areas in your house where you have seen the fleas. This magic powder can corrode their exoskeletons when they get into contact with it and thereby exterminate them. As a safety measure, wear a mask when you apply the diatomaceous earth. Leave the powder there for 24 hours and then vacuum it clean.

(iv) Use baking soda or salt. Put some baking soda or salt on your rug or carpet. These ingredients will dry up any flea eggs on the carpet and kill them. Leave the baking soda or salt on the carpet for 4 hours or overnight and vacuum it up after that.

(v) Dehumidifier. Fleas love to live in humid environment. Use a dehumidifier in your house to render the air drier so that they will find your home less habitable.

(vi) Mow the herbage. Your garden can also serve as a potential habitat for fleas. This is because the tall grass shelters them from the hot sunlight. Mow your lawn regularly to ensure that the herbage stays short.

https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=16463 (Image source only)
https://outlinist.com/best-dehumidifier/ (Image source only)
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Natural Ways to Get Rid of Fleas (Part 1 – from Your Pets)

Fleas are one of the most painful nuisances that are hard to get rid of completely not only due to their extremely tiny size but also their unimaginably huge numbers. Their reproduction rate is almost beyond terror; a female flea can lay 25 eggs a day, so if you have an unknown number of female fleas in your home, the number of flea residents in your house could reach up to thousands if not million within a month!

Thankfully, there are several natural methods to help you reduce your flea problem if not totally eliminate them.

(i) Bathe your pet using natural solution. If you own a pet, check whether your pet has fleas on it & treat accordingly. Place fresh rosemary sprigs in two and a half cups, cover them with water and boil for half an hour. After that, mix the boiled rosemary water into a gallon of warm water. Finally, pour the mixed water over your pet while it is still warm. Alternatively, you can mix warm water with gentle foaming soap to bathe your pet. Either solution will have killed a number of fleas after the bath; however, you still have to remove their eggs from your pet. Use a flea comb to comb your pet’s fur carefully to get rid of the eggs as well as all other traces of fleas.

(ii) Create your own flea repellent. Apply some lavender essential oil to your pet’s back and neck for it can repel and kill fleas. Another solution is to put 5 drops of Eucalyptus oil into a cup of water and place the resulting mixture inside a spray can. Use it to spray your pet thoroughly to ward off the fleas. Please note that the above-mentioned oil treatments can be used on dogs only and not cats.

The treatments suggested above are not one-time solution and they must be repeated at least once a week to avoid recurrence of flea problem.

https://housemethod.com/pest/what-do-fleas-look-like/ (Image source only)
https://www.kitchensanity.com/food/what-is-a-sprig/ (Image source only)
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Disturbing Facts You Don’t Want to Know About Rats

Rats are one of the “amazing” pests and you will agree to this when you find out the following little-known facts about them; some of these facts, however, can be pretty disturbing.

(i) Rats love to bite humans when they are asleep. They especially like to go after humans who have been bitten by rats before; this is as if you have been marked after first bite to “facilitate” future attacks. Their favorite human body parts to crave are the face and the hands. Suggestion to wear “real mask” & gloves when you go to bed?

(ii) Some rats have kangaroo pouch and can sense tuberculosis. The body of this particular subspecies measures 18 inches in length and has around 3 pounds in weight. Their distinguishing feature – a kangaroo-like pouch on the body! What is more amazing are their capability of detecting tuberculosis; such unique gift is faster and more accurate than the medical test of this disease. You can’t keep them as pets, however, as they are also the culprits of transmitting monkey pox!

(iii) Rats will die if they stop chewing. Why do rats never stop chewing? That’s because their teeth never cease growing during their 7-year life span. If they stop chewing, their teeth will overgrow into their brain and consequently kill them! This is why they have to constantly gnaw on things in order to exercise their teeth on a frequent, non-stop basis.

(iv) Rats have teeth of steel. Their open-rooted teeth and jaw muscles are structured in a manner that runs all the way up to their eye sockets. Such biological tooth structure enables them to gnaw through wiring and even concrete! Imagine what they can do to human flesh!

(v) Rats can climb up the toilet and bite your butt. Flushing them down the toilet into the sewage system won’t do any good as they are born Olympic swimmers. Be sure to look next time when you lift the toilet seat, you wouldn’t want any uninvited guest to accompany your sh**ty business.

(vi) Rats pee very often – about 80 times a day! Ergo, prepare to clean your house often too.

Having rat problem? Contact AntiPest today at 03-8023 1888 for our professional rat control advice and solution.

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